Mohamed El-Qasabgi(or Kasabgi)(1892-1966), Egyptian musician and composer,one of the leading composers of Egypt in the 20th century. He was widely recognized as a leader of development of Oriental music and mixing it with newest musical techniques
Johann Joachim Quantz(1697-1773), German flutist and composer, studied string, wind instruments as well as harpsichord, he traveled widely as a soloist in Europe and also played oboe and clarinet in orchestras. In 1741 after Prince Frederick became the King of Prussia, he was exempt from playing in the opera orchestra; instead, his duties revolved around the king's private evening concerts. He composed over 300 flute sonatas and concertos. He was also a flute maker.
Maria Georgina Quitral(known as Rayen Quitral)(1916-1979), Chilean soprano, studied in Chile and made her singing debut at the Teatro Central in Santiago in 1937. In 1941 she made her operatic debut at the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires for the role of "Queen of the Night" of The Magic Flute. She then sang in South American countries, settled in Mexico. Later she sang in London, Paris and Italy. In 1967 she returned to Chile, retired from singing and devoted to teaching.
Natan Rachlin(1905-1979), Ukrainian conductor, studied at the Conservatory of Kiev for trumpet and violin. In Leningrad he studied conducting. From 1937 to 1941 and 1946 to 1962 he headed the Ukrainian State Orchestra, between 1941to 1945 he conducted the State Symphony of USSR. In 1966 he became the chief conductor of the Orchestra of Kazan.
Sergei Rachmaninoff(1873-1943), Russian composer, pianist and conductor. He studied piano from his mother, then entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory and Moscow Conservatory. He began conducting in Russia in 1891, then conducted in London. In 1904 he was appointed as a conductor of Bolshoi Theatre. In 1907 he left Russia due to Revolution and never returned to Russia, settled in US and France. He toured as a piano virtuoso in US and Europe. He composed 3 symphonies, 3 piano concertos, orchestral music, and piano pieces.
Ioana Radu(1917-1990), Romanian romance singer. She studied singing at High School in Craiova, where she detected her love to be the romances and other popular music genres. Since 1936 she lived in Bucharest and sang often in the Radio Bucharest, won a prize in a contest and became a famous singer of popular songs. Many Romanian composers have written songs for her.
Norbert Raharisoa(1914-1963), Madagascan pianist, studied art first in Paris, then changed to music st Lyon. Returning to Madagasca he became a teacher. he composed the national anthem of Madagasca when it became republic.
Bishnu Prasad Rahba(1909- ), India film director, composer(Sira), artist and actor. He composed songs which are collectively called as Rahba Sangeet. This was a new genre of Assamese. His songs are mainly a tribute to Mother Nature and also reflect his revolutionary ideal and the country's struggle for freedom.
Petar Raichev(1887-1960), Bulgarian operatic tenor, studied in St. Petersburg and Naples. He made his debut in St. Petersburg in 1913, he left Russia and spent next 15 years singing in Italy, Vienna, Berlin, Leipzig, Dresden and Paris. He returned to Bulgaria to sing with Sofia National Opera, later he taught at the State Academy of Music in Sofia.
Atang de la Rama-Hernandez(1902-1991), Philipino singer and actress. By the age of 7 she was already starring in Spanish zarzuelas. She was advocator of kundiman, an important pilipino folk songs, and zarzuela which is a musical play that focused on contemporary pilipino issues. At the height of her career, she sang kundimans and other philipino songs in Hawaii, San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York etc. She was proclaimed "a National Artist of Philippines for Theater and Music" by President Corazon Aquino in 1987.
Jean-Philippe Rameau(1683-1764), French composer and theorist, studied from his father, then at the Jesuit College des Godrans, served as an organist at various cathedrals in Paris and Lyon. Rameau is considered along with Lully and Gluck, as one of the principle masters of pre-Revolutionary French opera.
From 1745 on, more than half of his stage works were written for court premieres. His stage works comprise many genres, as well as incidental music. His harpsichord publications are particularly fine and circulated widely in the 18th century.
Gunther Ramin(1898-1956), German organist, choral conductor and composer, sang in the Leipzig Thomanerchor, studied organ with Karl Straube later succeeding him as organist of the Tomaskirche, taught at the Leipzig Conservatory, conducted the Gewandhaus Choir, the Berlin Philharmonic Choir, toured widely as an organ virtuoso.
Carlos Ramos(1907-1969), Portuguese fado singer and guitarist, around 1944 he debuted at Cafe Luso in Bairro Alto with great success. He had a harmonious and warm voice and was able to launch a full time artistic career.
Maurice Ravel(1875-1937), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory with Faure; his music continued to take him all over Europe during 1920's, considered a talented disciple of Debussy. He composed 2 piano concertos, orchestral music, violin pieces(Tzigane), chamber music, ballet, and operas etc.
Jose de Jesus Ravelo(1876-1951), Dominican composer, he was mostly self-educated with vast musical culture. He was appointed director of the Peacemaker Band(1894-1910), professor and the director of the Musical Lyceum(National Conservatory). In 1932 he founded the National Symphony Orchestra of San Domingo.
Max Reger(1873-1916), German composer, pianist and teacher. He toured as a pianist through Austria, Germany and Switzerland around 1901-4. Thereafter he became a professor and the director of music at the Leipzig University from 1907. He composed organ music, orchestral works, piano pieces, and choral music.
Stage scene of opera "Medea" - music composed by Aribert Reimann(1936- ), German opera composer, pianist and accompanist, he studied at the Berlin University, then he was a repetiteur at the Deutsche Oper in Berlin, and he taught at the Hochschule der Kunste in Berlin. In 2011 he was awarded the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize. He composed operas.
Mino Reitano(1944-2009), Italian singer and actor, he studied at the conservatory in Reggio for eight years, learning piano, trumpet and violin. At young age he moved to Germany where he played in a band. After performing at the festival in Castrocaro, he was offered a contract with Italian label Dischi Recordi, and in 1967 he participated for the first time at the Sanremo Festival. His first hit was 1968's "Avevo un Cuore".
Ottorino Respighi(1879-1936), Italian composer, studied at the Liceo musicale in Bologna, played viola in the Imperial Opera Orchestra in St. Petersburg and studied with Rimsky-Korsakov. Returning to Italy he taught at the Liceo. He composed operas, orchestral music(Pines of Rome, Fountains of Rome....), and chamber music.
Silvestre Reuvltas(1899-1940), Mexican composer, conductor and violinist, studied violin at the National Conservatory in Mexico City, St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, and Chicago College of Music, concertizing widely, named assistant conductor of the National Symphony of Mexico. His music style is a distinctive mix of folk elements, his compositions include ballets, symphonic poems, and orchestral works.
Dimitry Nikolajevich Revutsky(1881-1941), Ukranian and Soviet musicologist and folklorist, he studied at the University of Kiev. In 1918-1932 he was a professor at the Kiev Music and Theater Institute. He contributed significantly to the growth of musical culture in Ukraine, also he was a teacher and an editor of several musical publications.
Levko Mykolajovich Revutzky(1889-1977), Ukrainian composer and teacher, his brother taught him to play piano at the age of 5, then entered the Tumanovsky Music School and also continued to study other fields and music at the Kiev University with Gliere. He taught at the Lysenko Music and Drama Institute. He received the titles of "People's Artist of Ukraine" in 1942 and "People's Artist of USSR" in 1944. He composed 2 symphonies, orchestral music, piano, vocal and chamber music.
National Anthem of Dominican Republic
Music composed by Jose Rufino Reyes, Lyrics by Emilio Prud'Homme
Jose Rufino Reyes(1835-1905), Dominican composer and bandleader. He was a self-taught musician, he learned to play several instrument and excelled at the cello. He served as director of the 1st Regiment Military Band. He composed church music, dance pieces, and a patriotic march which became the national anthem of Dominican Republic.
Joseph(Gabriel) Rheinberger(1839-1901), German organist, composer and teacher, he learned to play piano at age of 5 and organ at age of 7, became the director at the Munich Gesangverein in 1864. He was organist at St. Michael's and prompter at the Court Opera, also taught at the Conservatory. He composed 20 organ sonatas.
Myon-Sang Ri(1908-1989), Korean(North) composer, he was born into a peasant family and studied music under adversity, began composing songs before liberation of the country. He served as the chairman of the Central Committee of the Korean Musicians Union. He was awardee of Kim II Sung Order and winner of Kim II Sung Prize. He composed songs and 2 operas(A Dream of Red Mansions).
Aleksei Panteleimonovich Riabov(1899-1955), Ukrainian violinist, composer and conductor, studied at the Kharkov Conservatory, played and taught violin. He composed 1 symphony, 1 violin concerto, and others.
Ali Riahi(1912-1970), Tunisian singer and composer, he enjoyed a popularity extending beyond the borders of his country, particularly in North Africa and Paris, and leaves the image of a romantic artist in the "voice of rosy".
Sviatoslav Richter(1915-1997), Soviet pianist, well known for the depth of his interpretations, virtuoso techniques, and vast repertoire. He was an organist and at 15 he became accompanist to the Odessa Opera and at 18 chief assistant conductor, later studied piano at the Moscow Conservatory with Newhaus. He was awarded the Stalin Prize, he performed extensively in the Soviet Union, eastern Europe, and US(1960).
Andre Leon Rieu(1949- ), Dutch violinist, conductor and composer, best known for creating the waltz-playing Johann Strauss Orchestra. He began studying violin at the age of 5, and then studied violin at the Conservatoire Royal in Liege and at the Conservatorium Maastricht, he also attended the Music Academy in Brussels, winning the Premier Prix at the Academy. In 1987 he created the Johann Strauss Orchestra and his own productionCompany.
Daniel Alomia Robles(1871-1942), Peruvian composer and ethnomusicologist. He sang in a chorus when he was young, then studied medicine at Universidad de San Marcos, but he decided to leave the university and dedicated his life to music. He composed operas and sarsuelas.
Richard Rodgers(1902-1979), American Broadway musical composer. He met lyricist Lorenz Hart in 1918 and they began to collaborate, producing successful Broadway shows. After Hart's death in 1943 Rodgers worked with Oscar Hammerstein II.
Their collaborations include: Oklahoma, South Pacific, Bali Ha'i, Sound of Music, Carousel, The King and I. Rodgers was among the most exclusively Broadway-oriented of American songwriters, he also wrote symphonic music.
Oscar Hammerstein II(1895-1960), American lyricist and libretist.
Joaquin Rodrigo(1902-1999), Spanish composer and virtuoso guitarist, despite being blind from early age, he achieved great success. He studied with Duke in Paris, then taught at the Madrid Conservatory. He is considered to be reputable for popularizing classical guitar, and his concerto Aranjuez is one of the principles of Spanish music and guitar concerto repertoire.
Gerardo Matos Rodriguez(1897-1948), Uruguayan musician, composer and journalist. His work "La Cumparsita" is perhaps the most famous and recognizable tango of all time. He travelled widely throughout Europe and stayed in Paris for a time to collaborate for moves. He composed tangos and songs.
Gonzalo Roig(1890-1970), Cuban musician, composer, director and founder of several orchestras. He was a pioneer of the symphonic movement in Cuba. He studied at the Havana University. He founded/co-founded Symphony Orchestra in Havana, National Opera, the Society of Cuban Authors. He composed zarzuelas.
Amadeo Roldan(1900-1938), Cuban violinist and composer, born in Paris of Spanish father and French mother. He learned to play piano from his mother. After graduating from Madrid Conservatory, in 1919 he moved to Cuba and became the concert-master of orchestras, later became the conductor of the Orquesta Filamonica de Havana, and also founded the Havana String Quartet. He composed orchestral music and piano pieces.
Johan Helmich Roman(1694-1758), Swedish Baroque composer, he has been called "The Father of Swedish Music" or "The Swedish Handel". He received his first music lesson from his father, joined the royal chapel in 1711 as violinist and oboist. In 1715 he went to London to study with various teachers, notably Handel whose music made a lasting impression on him. In 1721 he returned to Sweden and soon was appointed as deputy master of the royal chapel and later became the Chief master of the Swedish Royal Orchestra. He composed court music such as wedding music.
Michail Damianovich Romensky(1887-1971), Ukrainian singer(bass), decorated with "People's Artist of the USSR" in 1946. He learned in the music school of the Moscow Philharmonic. Then he sang operas in Odessa, Tomsk, Kharkov and Novesibirsk. He was also well-known as a singer of Ukrainian and Russian folk songs.
Antonio Maria Romeu(1876-1955), Cuban pianist, composer and bandleader, his orchestra was Cuba's leading Charanga for over 30 years, specializing in the danzon. He studied music privately and practiced piano at a local church. In 1899 he moved to Havana and played in cafes. In 1910 he founded his own orchestra. He composed over 500 danzones.